Top 10 London: Top Ten Things to See in the Tate Modern Art Museum

Housed in the former Bankside Power Station, the Tate Modern is a repository of art from 1900 to the present.  With thousands of items in their collection and over 5 million visitors per year, the Tate Modern is the second-largest art museum in the #UK.  As such, you can believe there are many interesting works to see from Warhol, #Matisse, #Picasso, #Pollack, and more.  Since art is subjective, many outlets out there have different ideas of what you should see at the museum, and we’re no different.  Here are ten of our favorite pieces in the Tate Modern we think you should see and you can let us know what your favorites are in the comments.

Weeping Woman – Pablo Picasso

Pablo Picasso has a number of pieces in the Tate Modern, but one of the top works is the Weeping Woman.  Picasso’s subject was Dora Maar, his lover and the painting itself is meant to represent of the many tragic victims of the Spanish Civil War, a conflict that cost the woman in the painting her child during the bombing of Guernica.  Interestingly enough, this is one example of the blurring between subject and meaning, as Maar herself unable to have children.

Natalia Goncharova Exhibit

One of a handful of temporary exhibits currently at the Tate Modern, the museum is featuring the work of Russian avant-garde artist Natalia Goncharova.  She gained fame in her movement in 1913 at the young age of 32 and pushed the envelope of what was allowed in art before World War I and the Russian Revolution changed the country’s fate. Until September 8th.

Marilyn Diptych – Andy Warhol

Warhol’s pop culture style of art made him one of the most famous artists of the 20th Century by helping the public realize that celebrities and mundane objects could also be art.  By painting Marilyn Monroe over and over again until the star fades away, Warhol succeeds in reminding his audience that fame, as with life, is temporary.

Uncertainty of the Poet – Giorgio de Chirico

Certainly a strange painting on the surface, Giorgio was an avid fan of the Surrealists in his early days.  His Uncertainty of the Poet contrasts the ancient with the fleeting, juxtaposing a statue of Aphrodite and stone archways with browning bananas and a passing train.  The timeless and the temporary existing at once.

Seagram Murals – Mark Rothko

Perhaps the only work on this list to appear consistently in several similar pieces, the Seagram Murals were given birth after artist Mark Rothko left his job painting murals for New York restaurants.  He went a little bit darker in the aftermath and created the Seagram Murals to reflect what he felt was the claustrophobic atmosphere of Michaelangelo’s Laurentian Library in Florence.

The Great Day of His Wrath – John Martin

Martin does a wonderful job of featuring a rolling, raging storm and volcanic eruptions that makes for this third picture in his apocalypse series.  Based on the Revelation of St. John, it’s a terrifying depiction of God’s wrath in the final judgement, as cataclysms envelop the world.  Despite its having been painted in the 19th Century, the painting apparently moves between this museum and the Tate.

The Snail – Henri Matisse

The Snail 1953 Henri Matisse 1869-1954 Purchased with assistance from the Friends of the Tate Gallery 1962

Matisse’s painting doesn’t really have as much to do with the little slimy critter except that Matisse attempted to put the colorful rectangles in a spiral shape that somewhat resembles a snail’s shell.  The artist had help from his assistants as he was ill at the time and still dealing with a bitter separation from his wife.  It’s a beautiful piece that reminds us that no negative circumstances can truly hold us down.

Number 14 – Jackson Pollock

If you want to have an idea of the joke Starlord made in the first Guardians of the Galaxy film, you need to experience the abstract expressionist work of Jackson Pollock.  While the black and white oil on canvas work may look like Pollock just through black paint on a white canvass,

Jenny Holzer Exhibit

American artist Jenny Holzer presents some great examples of thought-provoking exhibits.  Her work can be found both on the streets of major cities and in museums including the Tate Modern, where she is currently featured in the Artists Rooms.  Her performance art is meant to be mysterious, not beating you over the head with its meaning, but more for you to figure out.

Metamorphosis of Narcissus – Salvador Dali

Dali’s work is certainly some of the trippier pieces you’ll find in the Tate Modern, and the Metamorphosis of Narcissus allows the artist to put his own unique spin on the classic Greek myth.  The painting depicts both Narcissus as he stares at his own reflection as well as his transformation into the narcissus flower.  Interestingly enough, Narcissus before his transformation also appears in the background, a reminder of the man he once was.

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The Fiver – Five of the Highest Bars in London

Sky Garden at 20 Fenchurch Street

One of the best things to have with a good drink is a view.  Lots of places out there have rooftop bars or observation towers where one can get a cocktail, a pint, or a glass of wine and gaze out over the horizon.  London certainly has its share of high-altitude drinking establishments that rank amongst the highest in the UK and in Europe.  Whatever you’re in the mood for, each of the five places below can guarantee that you’ll have the best view of any bar patron in London.  Let us know your own favorite high-altitude bars in the comments.


Formerly known as The Rumpus Room, 12th Knot is perhaps the highest rooftop bar in London, sitting on the 12th floor of the Sea Containers building in South Bank.  As such, it puts patrons just about level with most London buildings and landmarks, providing excellent views of St. Paul’s Cathedral, the Gherkin, and the Leadenhall Building.  12th Knot has a smart casual dress code, so be sure to dress appropriately, and you can go without a reservation, but it won’t guarantee entry.


About one-third up the Shard’s 95 floors, Aqua on the 31st floor is a smaller bar and restaurant that offers panoramic views of the city along with cocktails, beer, and wine.  Food is served in the main part of the restaurant, although the atrium bar is the place to go, especially since no reservations are taken to sit there.  You can still order some of the modern British cuisine here, though, but it makes for a  better spot to have a drink.  The dress code is stated to be smart casual, same as 12thKnot, so trainers (that’s tennis shoes for us Americans) are not allowed.


Found at the top of 20 Fenchurch Street, above the 35 floors used for offices and such, is Sky Pod.  While technically a rooftop bar, the Sky Garden on top of the tower isn’t exactly open to the air, so you won’t feel the wind on your face like you might at 12th Knot.  However, the view more than makes up for it, and the drinks are some of the tastiest at any altitude.  The dress code isn’t as fancy, but as Sky Garden is naturally ventilated, you’ll want to make sure you’re wearing appropriately warm clothing.


The second-highest bar on the list, Duck & Waffle can be found on the 40th floor of the 46-story Heron Tower.  Besides the grand view of London from such a height, perhaps the most notable part of Duck & Waffle is that it is the only one of these listed establishments that’s open twenty-four-hours-per-day.  The cocktails are a bit pricier than most places, but the bar serves sharable snacks that are quite affordable.  D&W is quite possibly the most affordable and best dining option you’ll find so far up in the London sky, so be sure to make your reservation.



And now we reach the highest point of this list of altitude-defying bars.  Of the 47 floors in Tower 42, 42 of them are open to the public and Vertigo 42 right at the top.  The champagne bar at Vertigo 42 is the highest of its kind in the city, and it is open not only to the tower’s residents but also the public, considering you make a reservation beforehand.  Tower Bridge, St. Paul’s, and the length of the River Thames are visible from high atop this drinking perch.  Of course, smart dress is required for such a fancy establishment.

The Fiver – Five of the Highest Bars in London – Londontopia – The Website for People Who Love London

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Top Ten London: Top 10 Things to See and Do in Whitechapel

Whitechapel.  The very name of this London neighborhood brings up a single image to those who know it but have never been here—an image of murder.  Jack the Ripper and his murders of at least five prostitutes in the district has cast a historical stain on a part of London that is actually full of life.  Food, art, music, and history abound in Whitechapel.  Whatever you might be in the mood for, you can find it here, and it doesn’t have to involve the area’s most infamous resident.  We’ve outlined ten of our favorite things to do in Whitechapel below, and you can let us know your own favorites in the comments.


This famous bell foundry that had been open since 1570 and cast everything from handbells to church bells.  Unfortunately, it has been closed since 2017, but you can still stop by and look at the outside of the place where America’s own Liberty Bell was first cast in 1752, Big Ben in 1856, and the Olympic Bell in 2012.  The buildings were purchased by a developer who plans to turn the oldest parts of the foundry into a museum, so it will still be worth visiting in the future (but plans are up in the air right now due to public opposition to the whole project).


The Ten Bells is one of the most historic pubs in Whitechapel, having existed on the site in one form or another since the mid-18th Century.  The interior keeps the Victorian trappings from its last remodel and was made a Grade II Listed building in 1973.  And while it serves fine ales and food, some history buffs will note that it has a connection to two of the Ripper’s victims, Annie Chapman and Mary Jane Kelly.  The former of the two women supposedly haunts it still.


Community gardens have sprung up in cities all over the world, and the Nomadic Community Garden in Whitechapel has its own unique style that sets it apart.  It’s not just the plants themselves that will bring you to the garden, but the private spaces that the community members have made out of reusable materials from old couches to window frames.  It’s one of the most singular places in London and not to be missed.


Found by going through a fridge in The Breakfast Club’s Spitalfields location, the Mayor of Scaredy Cat Town is one of the city’s most colorful speakeasy bars.  It’s hard to nail down exactly what the interior aesthetic is beyond “vaguely American,” with a stag’s head mounted on the wall along with American graffiti posters and neon signs, but of course with a distinct British flair.  It’s retro throughout, but the drinks are quite modern and the service very friendly.


Genesis Cinema is one of the best places in Whitechapel to watch a film.  An independent movie theater, the prices are relatively cheap for you to watch any number of indie flicks or Hollywood blockbusters in the cinema’s big comfy chairs.  For a bit extra, you also get table service and blankets.  Depending on your night, you can grab soda and snacks or cocktails and a meal while you watch a film.


One of the oldest art galleries in the area, the Whitechapel Art Gallery has been going strong since 1901 when it first opened to the public.  In that time, it has played host to the greats such as Pablo Picasso and Frida Kahlo and today favors local and lower-income artists to give their works a chance to shine.  The building and its architecture are as much a piece of art as any of the paintings and sculptures inside, as Whitechapel gallery is a Grade II listed building.


Whitechapel Market on the Whitechapel Road is one of the areas premiere food markets, where you can find any manner of fresh produce, meat, and bread.  It also benefits heavily from the Bangladeshi and Asian communities of Whitechapel to provide a cornucopia of ingredients vital to any dish from both peoples.  And of course, there are always some good street food options, so any foodie will want to hit the market and experience its wares.


London has a number of urban farms that not only provide food to the local community but held educate children and adults alike about how farms work.  Visitors can see and pet the animals, attend the farm demonstrations, and even enjoy what’s grown there in the farm’s café.  If you want to do more, the farm also offers volunteer opportunities that will help contribute to its success.


Certainly amongst the most noticeable skyscrapers in the city, 30 St. Mary Axe (known colloquially as “The Gherkin”) is a marvel of modern architecture with its glass panels and green building strategies.  Mostly home to offices, it also has a number of restaurants, including Searcy’s on the highest floors of the building.  As such, dining or shopping there is the only way you’ll get to enter the building, so if you want to have dinner with a view, it’s a good idea to make a reservation.


Of course, it all comes back to this.  Perhaps the main reason why tourists set foot in Whitechapel is London’s greatest unsolved mystery.  A museum located on Cable Street is dedicated to the murders and the Met’s subsequent investigation, recreating many places where the slayings occurred and holding onto a number of important artefacts.  There are a few walking tours available as well for those who want to see the locations up close and feature knowledgeable guides.

Top Ten London: Top 10 Things to See and Do in Whitechapel – Londontopia 

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Top Ten London: Top 10 Things to See and Do in Harrow

In the far reaches of Northwestern London, Harrow is a sprawling suburb of over 80,000 people.  And while you’d be forgiven for thinking that a suburb would be devoid of anything remotely interesting—that’s where you’re wrong.  Harrow actually has quite a lot of interesting places to visit including sport, tea shops, and possibly the most museums of any borough outside the center of London.  We’ve identified ten places for you to visit that are going to help you realize that this sleepy suburb is actually an incredibly happening place.  You can let know some of your own favorite Harrow spots in the comments.


The interior design of this tea house and café is exactly what it sounds like, with furniture and dining sets akin to the doll’s house you may have owned as a kid.  In addition to afternoon tea, Doll’s House has menus for breakfast, brunch, and lunch as well as a great assortment of cakes.  If you find yourself in need of a meal, a snack, or want to try a tea party in a doll’s house, this is for you.


Harrow School is one of the oldest independent boarding schools in London, with Queen Elizabeth I granting John Lyon a Royal Charter for the school in 1572.  The school’s buildings are Grade listed and available for the public to tour three times a year.  This being such a limited event, you do have to buy tickets for the tour, but they’re worth it for the history you will get to experience.


For those not familiar, William Heath Robinson was a humorist and illustrator who used his gifts to poke fun at the world around him and make people think.  Active from 1897 until his death in 1944, he saw many a world-changing event and his lifetime of work is on display at this museum in Pinner.  In addition to the permanent exhibits on Heath Robinson’s life, there are rotating exhibits dedicated to other influential artists.


It wouldn’t be the suburbs without some golf, and Playgolf London has everything a golf lover or even a novice could want.  Playgolf offers a driving range, full course, and even a mini-golf course for those just looking to have a good time.  If you don’t know how to play, they offer lessons for first-timers or tips to help you up your game.  And if you’re not into golf at all, you can check out the batting cages or visit the Kitchen Club Café for a bite or a drink.


Our second museum on the list, this one is geared more towards the petrolheads.  The London Motorcycle Museum is dedicated to anything on two (and sometimes three) wheels, focusing almost exclusively on British motorcycles from BSA to Triumph and everything in-between.  Those looking to get more involved can donate to the museum’s upkeep or “adopt” a bike to help maintain it as an exhibit piece.


Those interested in military history will want to check out the Royal Air Force Museum at the former Herndon Aerodrome.  The five buildings and hangars that make up the museum will not only give you an insight into the history of this military branch but also let you look at RAF aircraft up close.  The best part is that admission is free, so there’s no reason not to make the trip.


Also known as the Headstone Manor & Museum as it is situated on the former site of Headstone Manor, the Harrow Museum offers a look at the history of this part of London from pre-recorded history to the present.  The Museum collection has over 15,000 objects that document Harrow’s past and a library that can aid in historical research.  The museum puts on events throughout the year that will let you experience the traditions of the area and live times gone by.


The premier center for culture in Harrow, the Harrow Arts Center is a performance venue that sees all manner of performances from concerts to plays.  Located in Elliot Hall, the Grade II listed building is a wonder of architecture and worth seeing on its own, though you’ll definitely want to check out the performance calendar to find a show that best suits your tastes.


One of the most beautiful spots in Harrow, Fryent Country Park also offers one of the best views thanks to Barn Hill.  At a height of 86 meters, from the hill, you can take in views of Harrow as well as the Borough of Brent.  The park also offers a couple of small ponds as well as horseback riding facilities, so you can either enjoy a quiet time in the park or have a bit of adventure.


Are the far edge of Harrow bordering the Borough of Hillingdon, Ruislip Woods National Nature Reserve is an important preservation of the area’s natural beauty.  RWNNR is also a Site of Special Scientific Interest thanks to its array of unique plants and animals.  Additionally, the adjoining Ruislip Lido Railway is a small train that takes visitors around the lido that lays between the nature reserve and the Ruislip Common, granting an extraordinary view of the surrounding natural beauty.

Top Ten London: Top 10 Things to See and Do in Harrow – Londontopia – The Website for People Who Love London

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Ten Unique Tea Rooms for Your Afternoon Tea in London

Tea has been an important part of British culture since the 17th Century, and you’d be hard pressed to find a society on this side of the globe that loves it more.  While coffee houses preceded tea rooms in London, the culture quickly flipped when Thomas Twining opened the city’s first tea room in 1707.  Now you can find them in every borough and neighborhood.  While many offer the poshest experience they can, others have a more niche theme to them.  These unique tea rooms offer a wide variety of experiences for their patrons and turn a cultural habit into a fun event.  Next time you visit London, consider trying one of these ten creative ways to experience your afternoon tea.


The Royal Albert Hall has been serving afternoon tea for well over 100 years and in its own restaurant, Verdi, you can have a musical experience as you sip your tea and dine on scones and sandwiches.  Verdi regularly hosts a variety of musical performances from string trios to opera singers and the price is relatively inexpensive at £25.


Fans of Roald Dahl’s masterpiece of children’s literature will want to try this Wonka-inspired tea that includes not only the biscuits, cakes, and sandwiches of a normal tea but also a great number of sweets.  From homemade candy floss to a golden chocolate egg filled with cheesecake and mango, your sweet tooth will be fully satisfied.  Located at One Aldwych Hotel, you can enjoy the tea in the lobby or the Indigo restaurant.


From one literary classic to another, it’s a crazy fun time when you step into the Mad Hatter’s Tea Party at Sanderson Restaurant in Fitzrovia.  The dining wear is adorned with kings, queens, clocks, playing cards, and other symbols from Lewis Carroll’s books, while the food and drink ranges from “melting” cheesecake to “Drink Me” potions.


Of course, maybe you’ve got a taste for being a chef and want to learn how to prepare an afternoon tea instead of just indulging.  The Cookery School offers a course in how to host a traditional afternoon tea that includes lessons in brewing the tea itself as well as preparing the savory and sweet dishes to go alongside it.  Of course, after learning to make it all, you get to sit down and enjoy the fruits of your labors.


If you’re a little pressed for time and can’t decide whether to take a tour or get afternoon tea, City Cruises lets you do both as you cruise along the Thames.  There’s a variety of teas and food to pick from and quite a view as well.  Guests can take in the sights below as they dine on their meal or, once finished, can head above decks to enjoy a wonderful view from the water.


Stepping back in time, the Victoria and Albert Museum offers an afternoon tea as it would have been during the lives of the museum’s namesakes.  The museum worked with food historian Natasha Marks to craft savory and sweet food items appropriate to the period such as Mrs. Beeton’s cucumber sandwiches, gooseberry tarts, and Indian ham sandwiches, amongst other items.


The only chain of tea rooms on this list, Yumchaa is a more low-key experience that nonetheless is a delightful culinary experience.  Yumchaa has probably the widest variety of teas of anyone mentioned in this article, including collaborations with different tea brewers and even a blue fruity tea you can try.  Much like the Cookery School, they also offer a masterclass in tea brewing so you can learn how to make the perfect cuppa.


So it’s possible that you’d like to do an afternoon tea tour, but moving water makes you seasick.  If you don’t want to lose your sweets and sandwiches, B Bakery offers afternoon tea on an old double-decker bus that takes you through the streets of the city and past many famous landmarks.  Additionally, B Bakery brings a little bit of France to a British tradition with its sandwiches, pastries, and cakes inspired by French cuisine.


There are several bars around London patterned after Phineas Fogg’s amazing journey, chronicled by French author Jules Verne, but you can find more than drinks at the Mr. Fogg’s Residence in Mayfair. Putting a boozy spin on afternoon tea, the Luxury Afternoon Tea includes a couple of tea-infused cocktails severed with teapots along with a delicious array of the usual food items from around the world to allow guests to experience Mr. Fogg’s trip for themselves.


More is brewing at Potion Room Afternoon Tea than just tea leaves.  This Harry Potter themed tea room is in the basement of Soho bakery Cutter & Squidge, which certainly adds to the atmosphere and makes you feel like you’re in Snape’s class.  You’ll make your own tea-based potions while dressed in cloaks and munching on some truly magical snacks.

Ten Unique Tea Rooms for Your Afternoon Tea in London – Londontopia – The Website for People Who Love London

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Springtime in London: Top Things to Do in London This Spring

Spring appears to have sprung early in London this year. With the winter weather finally starting to thaw, spring is upon us, and that means an array of seasonal events in London.  The city is awash with festivals, sporting events, and ceremonies from March through May and there is enough variety to find something anyone will enjoy.  We have identified our top ten favorite Spring activities in London below, and you can let us know your own favorites in the comments.


London has dozens and dozens of breweries and brewpubs, and during mid-March, they band together to celebrate their craft creations in London Beer Week.  The festival goes all week long and purchasing a ticket for the event will grant you a wristband into any participating brewery, restaurant, and pub.  You can guarantee the breweries will put on their best with rare beer releases, tap takeovers, beer dinners, and more.


In Mid-May, Parliament begins its opening ceremonies that officially mark the start of the legislative season.  While you likely won’t be able to get into Parliament for the ceremony itself, many people still line up along the route from Buckingham Palace to the Palace of Westminster in order to see the procession of Queen Elizabeth II and her household cavalry.


Those with an interest in other cultures will want to check out Vaisakhi; the Sikh and Punjabi holiday marks the beginning of the Sikh New Year.  This year’s festival will be celebrated on April 14th in Trafalgar Square and will be filled with parades, art, food, dance, and music.  Whether you are a practicing Sikh or someone with an interest in London’s Indian community, you won’t want to miss Vaisahki.


Anyone who enjoys video games will want to check out the London Games Festival, which features the best of everything from PC to interactive virtual reality.  Besides a chance to play the hottest games around, the festival also features the British Academy Games Awards, tournaments, live shows, and even a characters parade for those who like to dress up.


If you love off-the-wall performances, London’s Underbelly Festival is for you.  A mixture of cabaret, comedy, music, and art, the Underbelly Festival is a wonderful array of family-friendly entertainment.  Hosted each year in South Bank beginning in April, you’ll want to be sure to check the festival calendar for a show you want to attend.


Irish and Welsh culture is alive in London, and festivals surrounding both country’s patron saints are part of London’s Spring social scene.  For St. Patrick’s Day, the man celebrations are held on March 17 and include a parade and a festival in Trafalgar Square.  St. David’s Day takes place a couple of weeks earlier on March 1 and features choir performances, Welsh food, and restaurants with special Welsh menus.


Arguably the biggest event in English football, the Football Association Final puts the two best teams in the country against one another.  It tends to be the largest-attended sporting event of the year with crowds of nearly 90,000 in Wembley Stadium.  While it is yet to be decided which two teams will make the match, the Cup Final for this year is scheduled for May 18.


The biggest race in London, the London Marathon takes place on April 28th and is a city-stopping event. Many of the city’s streets are blocked off, and the course takes runners past dozens of the city’s most well-known landmarks.  If you’re not running yourself, it can still be fun to line the marathon route and cheer on the runners as they go past.


The Chelsea Flower Show is the biggest event for the Royal Horticultural Society each year.  Taking place each May on the grounds of the Royal Chelsea Hospital, the flower show is an event for the greenest of thumbs to those who just like to stop and smell the flowers.  Besides the grand displays from some of the world’s greatest gardeners, vendors demonstrate the latest in gardening tech, and experts put on lectures for amateurs who want to sharpen their skills.


This annual London tradition doesn’t necessarily come from any old rites of Spring but commemorates one of the city’s most well-known literary residents—Samuel Pepys.  The May Fayre and Puppet Festival marks the first date in Pepys’ famous diary where he discusses taking in a Punch and Judy Puppet show.  The festival hosts a parade, clowns, music, and, of course, puppets of all varieties.  Not a conventional celebration, it makes number one for its ties to the arts, literature, and history of London.

Springtime in London: Top Things to Do in London This Spring – Londontopia – The Website for People Who Love London

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Детская энциклопедия в 12 томах, 3-е издание. 1971-1977 гг

Описание: В энциклопедии можно узнать, как люди покоряют и переделывают природу, как выращивают хлеб и хлопок, делают бумагу, выплавляют чугун и сталь, летают в космос; энциклопедия содержат сведения об электровозах, теплоходах, самолетах и метрополитене, о фотографии и кинематографии, телеграфе, радио, телевидении, об умных счетно-электронных машинах, о насекомых, птицах, рыбах и зверях, растениях и минералах, планетах и звездах, об ученых, путешественниках, политических деятелях, полководцах, писателях, художниках, артистах, спортсменах, космонавтах и о многом, многом другом.

Детская энциклопедия состоит из двенадцати томов.
1 том – “Земля” посвящен географии и геологии.
2 том – “Мир небесных тел. Числа и фигуры” знакомит читателей с астрономией и математикой.
3 том – “Вещество и энергия” посвящен физике и химии.
4 том – “Растения и животные” – биологический.
5 том – “Техника и производство”. В нём идет речь о важнейших отраслях современной промышленности, о технике и технологии промышленного производства, а также о технике связи, транспорта и строительства и о многом другом.
6 том – “Сельское хозяйство” рассказывает о научных основах земледелия, о мичуринском учении, о том, как создавать новые сорта растений и породы животных.
7 том – “Человек”. Из него можно узнать о происхождении человека, строении и функциях его организма, о том, как человек чувствует и мыслит, как воспитывает волю, развивает и укрепляет свою память.
8 том – “Из прошлого человечества”. В нём повествуется о жизни, борьбе и труде разных народов в различные исторические эпохи.
9 том – “Наша Советская Родина” Здесь рассказывается о героическом пути нашего народа, пройденном от Октября до наших дней.
10 том – “Зарубежные страны”. Читая его, вы совершите увлекательное путешествие по всем континентам земного шара
11 том – “Язык и литература”. В нём рассказывается, как развивались язык и письменность, какие основные этапы прошла в своем развитии мировая литература.
12 том – “Искусство”. Он посвящен живописи и графике, скульптуре, архитектуре, музыке, театру, балету, кино и цирку.

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